LACTOSE INTOLERANCE -WHY WE STOPPED DIGESTING MILK AND WHAT DAIRY ALTERNATIVES CAN WE CONSUME
Being from the dairy industry and a pure bread Sikh one could imagine me to have a rather intimate relationship with milk. On the contrary, dairy and I have a somewhat volatile rapport. Having developed Lactose intolerance in adulthood is not a diet trend of choice for many of us, rather a common epidemic that has changed the way we consume and produce milk and milk products globally.
WHAT CAUSES LACTOSE INTOLERANCE :
Lactose intolerance is identified as a digestive disorder. People with lactose intolerance don’t make enough of the enzyme called lactase, which is required to digest lactose – the primary carbohydrate in milk and milk products. It can cause various symptoms, including bloating, diarrhea, inflammation, and abdominal cramps.
WHEN ARE THE BABIES IMMUNE TO LACTOSE INTOLERANCE ?:
Most babies can digest milk without getting an upset stomach as they have a natural production of lactase. Up until several thousand years ago, that enzyme gradually turned off during adulthood, making most of our ancient ancestors lactose intolerant by default.
EVOLUTION OF LACTOSE INTOLERANCE :
Around 8,000 to 20,000 years ago, about the time humans started to milk newly domesticated cows, goats, and sheep, the production of lactase enzyme mutations in adult humans started becoming more frequent making a part of our population develop a natural tolerance to lactose. There are several hypotheses on why these mutations took place in different parts of the globe, owing to famines, agriculture, and climate to name a few.
WHERE ARE MAXIMUM CASES OF LACTOSE INTOLERANCE FOUND?:
Today, however, 35 percent of the global population — mostly people with European ancestry can digest lactose in adulthood without a hitch. Approximately 65 percent of the human population has a reduced ability to digest lactose after infancy. Lactose intolerance in adulthood is most prevalent in people of East Asian descent. For this growing population, the alternative dairy industry has evolved multi-fold in the recent decades with innovations and discoveries of some delicious and nutritious dairy substitutes.
DAIRY ALTERNATIVES FOR LACTOSE OR MILK INTOLERANCE
So what are dairy alternatives? Dairy alternatives are products and beverages primarily available as an option for lactose intolerance and milk allergies. However, they are now gaining traction as daily health food staples as well. Different sales channels, the rising importance of online retail, and the increasing population of fitness and wellness enthusiasts have added reasons to the 20% year-on-year growth of the Indian dairy alternatives market.
The diary-free Mylks are famously spelt as – MYLK; made out of plant based ingredients such as nuts, seeds, beans and even grains and starches. Making dairy-free-milks at home is very simple and cost-effective. However some other dairy-free products such as cheeses, yoghurts and butter are a bit more complicated, nevertheless, we have a significant number of progressive brands available to us in the Indian marketing and counting. Here is a list of dairy alternatives one can find in India today.
DAIRY ALTERNATIVE CHART
|DAIRY PRODUCT||DAIRY ALTERNATIVE||BRAND|
|Milk||Oat milk||Good Mylk|
|Almond milk||Raw Pressery
|Soy milk||Adisoy Foods
|Cashew milk||Good Mylk|
|Cheese||Cashew Cheeses||Soft Spot Cheese
|Potato starch||Live Yum|
|Peanut yogurt||Good Mylk|
|Butter||Vegan butters||Good Mylk
Dakini Health Foods
Jimmy’s Gourmet Kitchen
The Butternut Co.
|Ice Cream||Coconut milk ice creams||Hangyo
|Cashew milk ice creams||My Little Secret|
|Soy milk ice creams||Go Vegan Soy Foods